A leading member of the New Patriotic Party (NPP), Gabby Asare Otchere-Darko, has said that uncertainties on Ghana’s revenue mobilisation efforts, including e-levy and benchmark reversals, are all contributing to making the money market jittery about Ghana.
He also indicated that the hung Parliament, 137-137 for the National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the New Patriotic Party (NPP), and one Independent lawmaker, is also resulting in the same situation.
But Mr Otchere Darko, who is a former Executive Director of the Danquah Institute, said in a tweet on Friday, January 14 that “Uncertainties on our revenue mobilisation efforts, including e-levy and benchmark reversals, the nasty nature of our hung Parliament are all contributing to make the money market jittery about Ghana. The consequences of our internal points-scoring are greater and against us all,”
The Minority in Parliament had rejected the E-levy proposal in the 2022 budget statement.
Contributing to a debate on the floor of the House Tuesday, December 7, last year, Minority Leader Haruna Iddrisu said, “We are unable to support government, and we will continue to oppose it.”
The Finance Minister had announced in the budget statement a new levy to be charged by the government in 2022 on all electronic transactions to widen the tax net and rope in the informal sector.
“It is becoming clear there exists an enormous potential to increase tax revenues by bringing into the tax bracket transactions that could be best defined as being undertaken in the ‘informal economy,” Mr Ofori-Atta observed on Wednesday, November 17, as he presented the 2022 budget statement in Parliament.
“After considerable deliberations, the government has decided to place a levy on all electronic transactions to widen the tax net and rope in the informal sector. This shall be known as the ‘Electronic Transaction Levy or E-Levy’.”
He explained that the new E-levy would be a 1.75 per cent charge on all electronic transactions covering mobile money payments, bank transfers, merchant payments, and inward remittances to be borne by the sender except inward remittances, which the recipient will bear.
“A portion of the proceeds from the E-Levy will be used to support entrepreneurship, youth employment, cyber security, digital and road infrastructure, among others.”
This new levy is scheduled to start Saturday, January 1, 2022.
In 2020, the total value of transactions was estimated to be over GH¢500 million, with mobile money subscribers and users growing by 16 per cent in 2019.
According to a Bank of Ghana report, Ghana saw an increase of over 120 per cent in the value of digital transactions between February 2020 and February 2021 compared to 44 per cent for the period February 2019 to February 2020 due to the convenience they offer.
This was heightened by the advent of Covid-19, especially during the lockdown.
But the proposal has met resistance from the Minority in Parliament.
Haruna Iddrisu said the E-levy is a disincentive to the growth of the digital economy. To that end, he said, the Minority will not support it.
Speaking at a post-budget workshop in Ho on Saturday, November 20, 2021, he said, “Mr Speaker, understandably, we see that the Minister of Finance seeks to introduce some measures including the now popularly declared e-levy or digital levy as some have quite named it.
“Mr Speaker, our concern is whether the e-levy itself is not and will not be a disincentive to the growth of the digital economy in our country. We are convinced that the e-levy may as well even be a disincentive to investment and a disincentive to private sector development in our country. We in the Minority may not and will not support the government with the introduction of that particular e-levy. We are unable to build a national consensus on that particular matter.”
On the issue of the reversal of the benchmark policy, following opposition from some trade unions, including the Ghana Union of Traders Association (GUTA), the Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA) suspended the reversal of the policy.
A statement issued by the GRA on Thursday, January 13, said, “Following the outcome of a meeting held on Wednesday, January 12 2022, the customs Division of GRA has been directed to suspend the implementation.
“Government’s policy directive on the removal or reduction of values of imports on selected items until further notice to enable more engagements with all the relevant stakeholders.”Scan-13-Jan-2022-1Download
This also came after President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo ordered the suspension of policy to allow for further consultations.
The president’s order came after the Finance Ministry agreed to further engage on the discounted benchmark reversal after a crucial meeting with other stakeholders.
The meeting on Thursday, January 6, was attended by Finance Minister Ken Ofori Atta, trade union leaders, Customs, and the Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA) to conclude on what was termed” satisfactory values for importation”.
The reversal was to affect 143 items under three categories prescribed by the Ghana Revenue Authority.
The benchmark value, which is the amount taxable on imports, was reduced by 50 per cent for some goods. The government had hoped that this was going to scale up the volume of transactions to make Ghana’s ports competitive.
The government decided to reverse this decision after it met opposition from the Association of Ghana Industries and the Ghana Union of Traders Association (GUTA).
But it met opposition from trade unions, including the Ghana Union of Traders Association (GUTA) and Importers and Exporters Association of Ghana (IEAG).
The Executive Secretary of the IEAG, Sampson Asaki Awingobit, served notice to sue the government over the reversal.